Bladder Infections Treatment Questions and Answers
Do not suffer in silence with a bladder infection, visit Minit Medical today for diagnosis and treatment and feel better! For more information, please call us or book an appointment. We have convenient locations to serve you in Kahului HI, Kihei HI, and Lahaina HI.
What is the difference between a UTI and bladder infection?
Bladder infections are one of the most common forms of a Urinary Tract Infection (also known short as a UTI). Urinary tract infections are an infection which is found in any part of the urinary tract and can include the urethra, kidneys, ureters, and bladder.
Urinary tract infections become harmful when bacteria get into the urinary tract and begin to spread.
The symptoms you may begin to notice for bladder infection are very similar to those of a urinary tract infection, as the infection in the urethra can cause pain and burning while urinating and discharge from the urethra, but bladder pain is not a symptom.
What are the symptoms of a bladder infection?
Some of the more common symptoms of a bladder infection found in many patients who are suffering from it include:
- Burning sensation during urination
- Pain in the bladder area that may begin to feel like a persistent need to urinate, even immediately after using the bathroom
- Getting a few drops out when going to urinate
- Leaking urine
- Cloudy or even foul-smelling urine
- Pelvic or stomach pain
Unfortunately, many pregnant women do not know they have a urinary tract infection as they do not get symptoms or only notice symptoms when the infection has already spread to the kidneys.
What is the most common cause of bladder infection?
The main cause of a bladder infection is bacteria, and most are seen in E. coli. These bacteria live on your skin as well as in your intestines and while most of the time they are not a problem; however, if they get into your urethra, they can end up causing a bladder infection.
The main reason many clinics see more women for bladder infections than men is due to the fact that women’s urethra is shorter than that of a man’s and it is close to the vagina and anus, which is where the bacteria lives. Actions like having sex, wiping from back to front after you go to the bathroom, putting in a tampon, using a diaphragm for birth control are all ways for the bacteria to get into the urethra and cause an infection.
During pregnancy, as the baby grows, they press on the bladder, which then prevents the bladder from completely emptying and giving it an area for bacteria to live and thrive.
After a woman goes through menopause, they have less of the hormone estrogen, which is when the lining of the urethra gets thinner and may begin to change the balance of the bacteria in the vagina, making the infections more common.
However, when we do see men in the clinic for bladder infections, it’s due to the prostate becoming infected. Any blockage like a bladder stone or enlarged prostate can prevent the bladder from totally emptying and causing an infection.
What treatments are available for a bladder infection?
When you go in to visit your doctor for a diagnosis, they will take a urine sample to review and see if any white blood cells, red blood cells, or bacteria are found.
Antibiotics are normally the first line of defense for treatment when it comes to a urinary tract infection. The antibiotics will be prescribed by your doctor and the length of the antibiotic treatment will depend on your health condition and what type of bacteria was found in your urine.
A few of the common antibiotics that are prescribed for simple urinary tract infections may include:
If you are having more frequent urinary tract infections, your doctor may create a more specific treatment plan for you including:
- Low-dose antibiotics – used for six months but can be longer
- Single-dose of antibiotic after sexual intercourse if your infections are in relation to sexual activity
- Vaginal estrogen therapy if you are postmenopausal
If you are diagnosed with a severe urinary tract infection, your doctor will need to run treatment with intravenous antibiotics on you in a hospital. Call us for more information or book an online appointment today. We serve patients from Lahaina HI, Kahului HI, Kihei HI, Launiupoko HI, Olowalu Hi, Wailuku HI, Kula HI, Makawao HI, Paia HI, Wailea HI, Haiku HI and Waihee-Waiehu HI.