Colds and Flu Treatment Questions and Answers

Colds and Flu Treatment Questions and Answers

Often, many believe the common cold and the flu are the same things, but they are actually two completely different respiratory infections that are commonly seen during the colder weather months. If you believe you are dealing with symptoms from a common cold or flu and need medical help, visit Minit Medical today! For more information, please call us or book an appointment. We have convenient locations to serve you in Kahului HI, Kihei HI, and Lahaina HI.

Colds and Flu Treatment Near Me in Kahului HI, Kihei HI, and Lahaina HI
Colds and Flu Treatment Near Me in Kahului HI, Kihei HI, and Lahaina HI

What are the 5 symptoms of the common cold?

Once you have been exposed to someone who has the cold-causing virus, you should expect to see symptoms of the common cold appear around one to three days later, this can vary from person to person, these symptoms may include:

  • Runny nose
  • Stuffy nose
  • Cough
  • Congestion
  • Mild body aches
  • Mild headache
  • Sneezing
  • Low-grade fever
  • General overall unwell feeling

The discharge from your runny nose will normally start out clear, then become thicker and turn yellow or green as the common cold runs its course throughout the body. However, this does not mean you have a bacterial infection.

What causes the flu?

The flu, which is medically known as influenza is a viral infection that attacks your respiratory system, this includes your nose, throat, and lungs. This flu is not the same as the stomach flu, even though it is commonly thought to be as such, the stomach flu virus is what causes an individual to have diarrhea and vomiting.

Influenza may seem to start off like you are getting the common cold, often with a runny nose, sneezing, and sore throat. However, colds develop slowly, whereas influenza tends to come on suddenly and quickly. Common signs you may notice that are different from a cold include:

  • Fever
  • Aching muscles
  • Chills and sweats
  • Headache
  • Dry, persistent cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Tiredness and weakness
  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Sore throat
  • Eye pain
  • Vomiting or diarrhea (more common in children than adults)

The flu virus travels through the air by droplets when someone with the infection begins to cough, sneeze or even talk. You can have the droplets enter your system by inhaling them or if you pick up an item that has the germs on it from the person infected like a telephone, computer keyboard, door handle, etc. Which can then be transferred to your system if you touch your eyes, nose or mouth.

Individuals who are contagious with the flu, are most likely contagious the day prior to their symptoms appearing until around five days after the symptoms have appeared.

Influenza viruses are constantly manipulating themselves into new strains, and appearing regularly. If you’ve previously had the flu in the past, your body has created antibodies to fight the specific strain you had, in the future you may still get the flu, as it’s a different strain your body has not dealt with before, so it has no antibodies to fight it off as easily.

How can you tell the difference between a cold and the flu?

The common cold and the influenza virus both come from respiratory tract infections that start in your nose, sinuses, and throat; however, from there they are quite different.

Common cold has symptoms that begin to build over a 48-hour timespan, you may notice symptoms of a runny nose, watery eyes, stuffy nose, congestion, sneezing frequently, coughing, and the symptoms from the common cold can last anywhere from 3 to 10 days.

The influenza virus offers a fast onset of symptoms, usually, the first symptoms you begin to notice is a fever followed by chills. These symptoms will be followed up with body aches and pains, weakness, and fatigue, these symptoms can last many hours of the day and go as long as a week, with some lingering for up to three weeks prior to your onset of the first symptom.

How do you treat a cold and the flu?

As wild as it may sound, the symptoms you are dealing with from the common cold or influenza virus are actually your body’s form of naturally fighting and healing you. With each day that passes, your immune system is working diligently to fight off the virus, so you can get better faster.

Both cold and flu require three main things to help you get better:

  1. Rest
    Take time to relax, sleep when you can, and just let your body fight the virus off.
  2. Fluids
    Drink plenty of fluids to help flush out all of the junk in your body by drinking water, sports drinks, and tea.
  3. Time
    It will take time for your body to heal itself.

It is best to let the virus run its course, there are some symptom relievers available on the market to help you through the next few days or weeks while you fight off the viruses including over-the-counter medicine, tea, and a humidifier. Make sure to constantly keep your hands clean as well, as this is how you may have picked up the viruses in the first place.

For more information, call us. We serve patients from Lahaina HI, Kahului HI, Kihei HI, Launiupoko HI, Olowalu Hi, Wailuku HI, Kula HI, Makawao HI, Paia HI, Wailea HI, Haiku HI and Waihee-Waiehu HI.

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